Large-gap quantum anomalous Hall states induced by functionalizing buckled Bi-III monolayer/${\mathrm{Al}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{3}$

S. Jin, Y. Xia, W. Shi, J. Hu, R. Claessen, W. Hanke, R. Thomale, and G. Li

Abstract

Chiral edge modes inherent to the topological quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect are a pivotal topic of contemporary condensed matter research aiming at future quantum technology and application in spintronics. A large topological gap is vital to protecting against thermal fluctuations and thus enabling a higher operating temperature. From first-principles calculations, we propose Al2O3 as an ideal substrate for atomic monolayers consisting of Bi and group-III elements, in which a large-gap quantum spin Hall effect can be realized. Additional half-passivation with nitrogen then suggests a topological phase transition to a large-gap QAH insulator. By effective tight-binding modeling, we demonstrate that Bi-III monolayer/Al2O3 is dominated by px,py orbitals, with subdominant pz orbital contributions. The topological phase transition into the QAH is induced by Zeeman splitting, where the off-diagonal spin exchange does not play a significant role. The effective model analysis promises utility far beyond Bi-III monolayer/Al2O3, as it should generically apply to systems dominated by px,py orbitals with a band inversion at Γ.

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